„A united Europe was not achieved and we had war"
Episode 1: The spiral of violence (Nationalism and wars in the XIX century)

(...)“We are the good ones, they are the bad ones”. “They are violent barbarians, while we are cultured gentlemen”. “They hurt us first, we just retaliated”. “We are better, we are bigger, we defeated them”. This is exactly what the logic of the French-German conflict, but also the logic of many other national conflicts of 19th-century Europe, looked like. They usually resulted from nationalism and the urge to dominate others. They led to numerous wars and dramas, such as, for instance, the partitions of Poland. Their effects were the deepening of national antagonism, chauvinism and finally, the outbreak of the First World War, and, indirectly, also the outbreak of WWII. (...)



Project: „A united Europe was not achieved and we had war"
Episode 1: The spiral of violence

Script: Dr Robert Żurek
Narrator: Dr Tomasz Skonieczny
Production: Aleksandra Furtak, Katarzyna Maziej-Choińska
Cooperation: Dominik Całka, Dr Tomasz Skonieczny
Music: "Empty Moments", Grzegorz Jurczyk
Translation: Agnieszka Żegańska
Language consultation: Maciej Pliszka

Film made by the Krzyżowa Foundation for Mutual Understanding in Europe with the support of the European Commission's Regional Representation in Wrocław.


On the Polish website of the project, there are materials extending the topic discussed in the episode - podcasts with the participation of experts and links to sources with publications on a given topic.

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